- Female goats are called does or nannies. Intact males are called bucks or billies. Castrated male goats are called wethers. Baby goats are called kids.
- Gestation length is about 150 days (a little less than 5 months).
- Birthing is known as kidding.
- Twin births are most common followed by single birth and triplets.
- Freshening is when a female goat starts producing milk.
- Goats live between 15 and 18 years.
- Goats are considered small livestock animals.
- Goats come in many different sizes depending on the breed. African Pygmy does weigh about 40 pounds while a Boer buck can weigh up to 300 pounds.
- Most goats have two horns but some have up to eight horns.
- Both male and female goats can grow a beard.
- Goat horns are made of living bone.
- Goat’s eyes have horizontal slit shaped pupils. Their pupils allow them to see in dim light and enhance their view of objects directly in front of them.
- Goats don’t have upper front teeth. They use their lower teeth and tongue to “bite.”
- Goats are ruminants, meaning they have four chambers in their stomach called the rumen, reticulum, omasum and abomasum.
- Goats can be used for milk, manure, fiber, meat and their hides.
- Goats produce 2% of the world’s total annual milk supply.
- Dairy goats in their prime average 6 to 8 lbs of milk production per day.
- Goat milk is commonly processed into cheese, butter, ice cream and yogurt.
- There are approximately 360,000 dairy goats found in the United States.
- Wisconsin has the largest number of dairy goats in the United States, followed by California.
- The premier meat producing goat is a Boer. Other meat goats are Kiko, Nubian, Pygmy and Spanish.
- Goat meat is called either Cabrito or Chevron,
- Goat meat is generally leaner than other red meats and less tender.
- Goat meat is a healthy alternative to other red meats. It has comparable protein content, less fat and calories, and more iron.
- It estimated that 75% of the world’s population eats goat meat.
We currently have Boer, Pygmy, Angora, Alpine and Nigerian Dwarf goats.
Lily, Ginger, & Tulip (Nigerian Dwarf)
Half Pint (Angora)
Coco, Luna, Lola (Boer)