• Female goats are called does or nannies. Intact males are called bucks or billies. Castrated male goats are called wethers. Baby goats are called kids.

  • Gestation length is about 150 days (a little less than 5 months).

  • Birthing is known as kidding.

  • Twin births are most common followed by single birth and triplets.

  • Freshening is when a female goat starts producing milk.

  • Goats live between 15 and 18 years.

  • Goats are considered small livestock animals.

  • Goats come in many different sizes depending on the breed. African Pygmy does weigh about 40 pounds while a Boer buck can weigh up to 300 pounds.

  • Most goats have two horns but some have up to eight horns.

  • Both male and female goats can grow a beard.

  • Goat horns are made of living bone.

  • Goat’s eyes have horizontal slit shaped pupils. Their pupils allow them to see in dim light and enhance their view of objects directly in front of them.

  • Goats don’t have upper front teeth. They use their lower teeth and tongue to “bite.”

  • Goats are ruminants, meaning they have four chambers in their stomach called the rumen, reticulum, omasum and abomasum.

  • Goats can be used for milk, manure, fiber, meat and their hides.

  • Goats produce 2% of the world’s total annual milk supply.

  • Dairy goats in their prime average 6 to 8 lbs of milk production per day.

  • Goat milk is commonly processed into cheese, butter, ice cream and yogurt.

  • There are approximately 360,000 dairy goats found in the United States.

  • Wisconsin has the largest number of dairy goats in the United States, followed by California.

  • The premier meat producing goat is a Boer. Other meat goats are Kiko, Nubian, Pygmy and Spanish.

  • Goat meat is called either Cabrito or Chevron,

  • Goat meat is generally leaner than other red meats and less tender.

  • Goat meat is a healthy alternative to other red meats. It has comparable protein content, less fat and calories, and more iron.

  • It estimated that 75% of the world’s population eats goat meat.

Lilly, Ginger, Tulip (Nigerian Dwarf)

Momma and Butters