Llamas are member of the camelid family.
Llamas and Alpacas are both members of the Lama genus. The differentiating characteristics between llamas and alpacas are that llamas are larger and have elongated heads and alpacas have more luxurious wool.
Baby llamas are called crias. Female llamas are called females. Llamas that are freshly weaned but less than one-year-old are called weanlings. Llamas that are at least one-year-old but not yet two-years-old are called yearlings.
There are no distinct Llama breeds.
Llamas will spit at other llamas to establish dominance.
Llamas communicate with each other by ear position, body language, spitting and humming.
Llamas make different types of humming noises when they are tired, stressed, hot, uncomfortable, curious or concerned.
Llamas, usually the male, make an Alarm Call when they feel their herd is threatened in some way.
When llamas are heavy in wool coverage (prior to shearing) they are called Woolies.
Full grown llamas are between 5.5 feet and 6 feet tall at the top of their heads.
Full grown llamas weigh between 280 pounds and 450 pounds.
At birth, a cria weighs between 20 pounds and 30 pounds.
The average life span of a llama is between 15 and 20 years.
Gestation for a llama is between 331 and 359 days.
Crias are typically born during daylight hours.
Crias are standing and walking within the first hour of birth.
Female llamas do not lick off their new born babies instead they will nuzzle them and hum to them.
Llamas are frequently used as a livestock guards. Llamas will bond with the livestock they are charged with guarding and very effectively prevent predation.
Llamas are used for breeding stock, packing, driving, fiber production, livestock guards, therapy and pets.
Llamas can be used to carry 25 to 30% of their body weight.
Llama fiber is light-weight and warm.