A female alpaca is called a hembra.
A male alpaca is called a macho.
A baby alpaca is called a cria.
Gestation length for an alpaca is 335 days (11 months).
The lifespan of an Alpaca is 20 years.
There are 2 breeds of Alpaca, Suri and Huacaya.
Alpaca stand approximately 3 feet tall at the shoulder and weigh 100 to 150 pounds.
The primary function of alpaca is fiber production. Alpaca fiber is very valuable. The fiber is lanolin-free and very soft.
There are 22 internationally recognized colors of alpaca fiber.
Alpacas should be shorn once a year.
There are no distinct Llama breeds.
Llamas will spit at other llamas to establish dominance.
Llamas communicate with each other by ear position, body language, spitting and humming.
Llamas make different types of humming noises when they are tired, stressed, hot, uncomfortable, curious or concerned.
Llamas, usually the male, make an Alarm Call when they feel their herd is threatened in some way.
When llamas are heavy in wool coverage (prior to shearing) they are called Woolies.
Full grown llamas are between 5.5 feet and 6 feet tall at the top of their heads.
Full grown llamas weigh between 280 pounds and 450 pounds.
At birth, a cria weighs between 20 pounds and 30 pounds.
The average life span of a llama is between 15 and 20 years.
Gestation for a llama is between 331 and 359 days.
Crias are typically born during daylight hours.
Crias are standing and walking within the first hour of birth.
Female llamas do not lick off their new born babies instead they will nuzzle them and hum to them.
Llamas are frequently used as a livestock guards. Llamas will bond with the livestock they are charged with guarding and very effectively prevent predation.
Llamas are used for breeding stock, packing, driving, fiber production, livestock guards, therapy and pets.
Llamas can be used to carry 25 to 30% of their body weight.
Llama fiber is light-weight and warm.